X, Y, Z
Latin for "You have the body." The name of the legal paper or court order
(a "writ") that is used to bring a person before a court or judge. Generally, it is addressed
to the government official who holds the person (usually the person in charge of the prison or
jail). It tells the person to bring the person being held to court so that the court may decide
whether that person is legally in prison or jail or must be released because there was something
wrong with the case against him or her. It's also the name of the challenge that a prisoner makes
to the federal court to get a hearing to decide whether Michigan may continue to keep the person
A court proceeding that is "on the record" (where the word-for-word
recording is made). A hearing is often used to decide issues in a case before or after
the full trial of a case, and may be less formal than the trial.
Second-hand evidence, or statements by someone who did not see or hear what
happened but heard about it from someone else. It usually cannot be used as evidence in court.
A person who inherits or gets money or property from someone who has died,
or someone who by law is entitled to inherit the property of another person if the person dies
without a will.
A crime that is listed as a misdemeanor, but may be punished by more than
one year in jail. Because of the possibility of longer jail time, the cases are handled by
the circuit court just like a felony case.
An unwitnessed will where the decedent (the person who died) wrote out the
parts giving away the property in his or her handwriting and he or she signed it at the end
and dated it.
The ownership interest in a person's legal residence that cannot be claimed
by creditors. If your house qualifies as a "homestead" it cannot be sold to pay your debts.