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Ottawa County Legal Self-Help Center

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J

J.N.O.V.
An abbreviation for judgment non obstante veredicto, i.e., a judgment notwithstanding the verdict. See JUDGMENT NOTWITHSTANDING THE VERDICT.
JOINT CUSTODY
An order of the court in a family relations court case in which one or both of the following are provided:
1. That the children live with one parent part of the time and with the other parent part of the time;
2. That the parents both share in making decisions on important issues dealing with the children.
JOINT LEGAL CUSTODY
A parent's right and responsibility to make decisions about a child's health, education, and care; a type of court order that allows either (or both) parents to make important decisions about a child's health, education, and well being.
JOINT PHYSICAL CUSTODY
A type of court order that has a child spend about the same amount of time living with both parents.
JUDGE
The person who is in charge of the court and who decides questions of law.
JUDGMENT
The decision of a court.
JUDGMENT NOTWITHSTANDING THE VERDICT
A judgment that sets aside a jury's verdict. See MCR 2.610.
JURISDICTION
The court's authority or power to decide a case. There are two kinds of jurisdiction and the court must have both to hear a case:
1. Subject Matter Jurisdiction: The legal power of a court to hear a certain kind of case; for example, the circuit court has jurisdiction over divorce cases, and the district court has jurisdiction over small claims cases.
2. Personal Jurisdiction: The legal power of a court over a person who is a party in a case before the court.
JURY
The group of people sworn to hear a case in court. The jury hears the evidence, decides which facts are true, and delivers a verdict (decides which side wins). There are 6 jurors for district court in civil and criminal matters. In circuit court, there are 6 jurors for civil matters and 12 for criminal matters. There are 6 jurors in probate court.
JURY INSTRUCTIONS
Directions given by the judge to the jury explaining to the jurors what law they must use to decide the case.
JURY PANEL
The large group of potential jurors, from which the trial jury of 6 or 12 is chosen.
JUVENILE
A person under the age of 17. See also MINOR.
JUVENILE CODE
The statutes that control juvenile delinquency proceedings, designated proceedings, and child protective proceedings.
JUVENILE DELINQUENCY PROCEEDINGS
Legal actions in the family division of the circuit court involving a person under age 17 who has
1. done something that would be a crime if an adult did it, including a misdemeanor traffic offense;
2. run away from his or her home;
3. missed too much school or broken too many school rules; or,
4. disobeyed his parents when the parents are acting reasonably. See MCL 712A.2(a).